The bigger and a little more painful change with respect to aging is the pain from wear and tear of muscles, bones, and joints. Joints can be damaged by arthritis and other diseases, injuries, or other causes. Arthritis is the result of simple years of use of all limb joints which causes slow wearing of these joints thus causing pain, stiffness, and swelling. This subsequently leads to painful movement of the limbs hampering the ability to carry on a normal life. These kinds of degenerative diseases damage joints thus limiting blood flow and thereby causing problems.
1. What is a joint replacement surgery?
All joints in our body are interjections where two or more bones come together, like the knees, hip, and shoulders. Joint replacement surgery in simple terms involves the removal of a damaged joint most common with knees and hip and replacing it with a new one. There are different techniques and material types that are used for this kind of surgery which is carried out by a specialized orthopedic surgeon.
2. You’re new joint
The replacement joint can be made of plastic, metal, or in some cases both. Depending on conditions such as age and nature of damage it may or may not be cemented with bones, in the cases where it is not cemented the bones are allowed to grow and mold into it. There may be a combination of both methods that may be combined to keep this new joint in place. Usually, the new joints used last at least 10 to 15 years. Younger patients may therefore need a repeat replacement surgery at a later time.
3.The need for replacing the joint-
Now, this is left to the discretion of your consulting physician or orthopedic surgeon. You may still be let off with exercise walking aids physical therapy, or medicines and vitamin supplements. There are different levels of assessment and treatment options that are carried out before surgery is suggested.
4. What Happens During Surgery?
The surgical team administers anesthesia which may block pain only in one part of the body (or it may put your whole body to sleep. The team proceeds to begin the procedure which involves replacing a damaged joint with a prosthesis. The duration of surgery depends on a lot of factors. Post-surgery, you will be sent to a recovery room for 1 to 2 hours until you come around.
5. What Happens After Surgery?
After a typical leading orthopedic surgeon in Hyderabad, you will probably need to stay in the hospital depending on the age and other conditions such as general health. Medicine and Physical therapy usually begin the day after surgery to help strengthen the muscles around the new joint. As per progress and your surgeon’s advice you will be declared fit to go home, with instructions on post-op care.
Most of what you undergo and how you heal lies in the hands of the surgeon you choose.
Dr. Neelam Venkatramana Reddy is one of the leading orthopedic surgeons in Hyderabad who has extensive experience in the area of joint replacement for over 15 years. His experience and exposure have fetched him the position of Chief Joint Replacement Surgeon at Star Hospitals Banjara Hills, Hyderabad.