Uncategorized | Best Orthopedic Doctor in Hyderabad | Best Knee Replacement Surgeon in Hyderabad

A new technique in joint surgery has improved benefits

Osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the oldest and most common forms of arthritis. It causes the cartilage normally found in joints to break down. The breakdown removes the buffer between bones and the resulting bone-against-bone friction causing pain and eventual loss of movement.

Total Knee Replacement (TKR), is a safe and effective treatment for severe osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. Owing to its irreversible nature, the surgery is recommended only in patients for whom other treatment modalities have failed. The procedure has a higher risk of failure in young patients aged 50 years and below. Besides, complications of total joint replacement surgery include prosthetic loosening, wearing of the polyethylene insert, infection, and fractures. Hence for patients who are younger i.e. below 50 years, a less-invasive surgical alternative should be thoroughly weighed against those of total knee arthroplasty. Dr. Neelam Ramana Reddy, Chief Joint replacement surgeon and Director at Star Hospital, Hyderabad says that “removing the whole package is, on a technical level, an easier maneuver than splicing away at one small section of the knee.”

Unicompartmental knee replacement: A revolution in knee joint surgery for young patients

This surgery is indicated in cases where OA involves only one of the three compartments of the knees. This surgery allows the patient to retain more than 70% of their original joint surface and ligaments and hence, the patient gets a very “natural knee“ like feeling while allowing them unrestricted movements and activities. This provides them with an experience that is far more satisfactory than that after a TKR.

Since this procedure involves implanting smaller implants, the surgery is performed using minimally invasive techniques.  Other benefits include

•          Earlier mobilization
•          Less pain
•          Reduced length of hospital stay (One day)
•          Less blood loss

Since all the ligaments are retained hence a more normal feeling post-surgery.

A successful Uni-Knee replacement may delay, and in some cases, prevent a more extensive knee replacement surgery. Dr. Neelam Ramana Reddy adds that there are time tested partial knee implants available in India today.

Also Read: Taking Care of Knee Pain with RICE Method Treatment

Taking Care of Knee Pain

Knee pain is the most common musculoskeletal complaint that brings people to their doctor. With today’s increasingly active society, the number of knee problems is increasing. Knee pain has a wide variety of specific causes and treatments.

Some common home care techniques for knee pain that control inflammation and help to break the inflammatory cycle are protection, rest, ice, compression, and elevation. This regimen is summarized by the memory device PRICE.

PROTECT the knee from further trauma

  • This can be done with knee padding or splinting.
  • A pad over the kneecap, for example, helps to control the symptoms of some knee injuries (an example is a form of bursitis sometimes called housemaid’s knee) by preventing further repetitive injury to the prepatellar bursae.

REST the knee

  • Rest reduces the repetitive strain placed on the knee by activity.
  • Rest both gives the knee time to heal and helps to prevent further injury.

ICE the knee

  • Icing the knee reduces swelling and can be used for both acute and chronic knee injuries.
  • Most authorities recommend icing the knee 2 to 3 times a day for 20-30 minutes each time.
  • Use an ice bag or a bag of frozen vegetables placed on the knee.

COMPRESS the knee with a knee brace or wrap

  • Compression reduces swelling.
  • In some knee injuries, compression can be used to keep the patella aligned and to keep joint mechanics intact.

ELEVATE the knee

  • Elevation also helps reduce swelling.
  • Elevation works with gravity to help fluid that would otherwise accumulate in the knee flow back to the central circulation.
  • Prop your leg up when you are sitting, or use a recliner, which naturally elevates the legs. Elevation works best when the knee — or any other injured body part — is higher than the level of the heart.

If you feel the pain is still aggravating, then contact the best orthopedic doctor in Hyderabad Dr. Neelam Venkata Ramana Reddy at Star Hospitals

Also Read: FTKR a New Alternative to Total Knee Replacement

Fast track knee replacement

FTKR a New Alternative to Total Knee Replacement

In an attempt to reduce the post-operative trauma in a knee replacement surgery, a team of doctors headed by Neelam Ramana Reddy, joint replacement surgeon at star hospitals, has performed a fast track knee replacement (FTKR) surgery, a comprehensive and convenient alternative to the conventional procedure.

According to Dr Reddy, FTKR is an evidence-based procedure with maximum outcome for patients suffering from severe degeneration of the knee joint who require total knee replacement. “it is a minimally invasive surgery that requires 8 to 12 inches leading to significant disruption of the muscles and tendons,” he said, further adding, “it is a giant leap forward in total knee replacement.

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Travel to India for Your Joint Replacement Surgery

In India a number of orthopedic procedures are available such as hip and knee joint replacement, the Illizarov technique, limb lengthening, Birmingham Hip resurfacing technique (which scores over conventional hip joint replacement surgery and is still unavailable even in the US) etc. 
Many hospitals in India specialize in latest techniques and treatments such as minimal invasive surgery, cartilage and bone transplantation, spine surgery and limb sparing surgery. All kinds of muscular- skeletal problems ranging from Arthritis to sports injuries, to complex broken bones, bone tumors and childhood conditions like scoliosis are treated most effectively in India at costs much lower than in USA and UK.

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New Developments in Joint Replacements

New, Exciting Techniques Delay Aging

As people live longer, there will inevitably be an increased need for joint replacements One of the major problems encountered by doctors is the fact that, although they have been able to replace joints for a number of years,they have been unable to replace worn-out or damaged cartilage. In fact, if this problem were solved it would enable surgeons to delay joint replacement for a number of years.

According to the BBC, the University College London has been growing cartilage stem cells. In this technique cells are harvested from the patient, grown in a lab and then transplanted back into the patient after joint replacement or to avoid this surgery for as long as possible. Using the patient’s own cells circumvents the need for patients to take immune-suppressant drugs for the rest of their lives. Cells grown from the patient’s own cells also contained higher levels of collagen, the protein constituent of cartilage.

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The bigger and a little more painful change with respect to ageing is the pain from wear and tear of muscles, bones and joints. Joints can be damaged by arthritis and other diseases, injuries, or other causes. Arthritis is the result of simply years of use of all limb joints which causes slow wearing of these joints thus causing pain, stiffness, and swelling. This subsequently leads to painful movement of the limbs hampering the ability to carry on a normal life. These kinds of degenerative diseases damages joints thus limiting blood flow, and thereby causing problems. 

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